Jose Fernandez is Hurt, or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love Tommy John

Jose Fernandez is hurt, and Baseball Twitter is in tears. Jose Fernandez is hurt, and the Miami Marlins’ hope of contending this season is gone. Jose Fernandez is hurt, and everyone is sad.

Except me.

Honestly, I’ve felt this way for a while, but if I thought Matt Harvey would be the peak of the phenomenon, Fernandez proved me wrong. I’m just way, way out of step with the echo chamber about this. I’m not sad. I’m not depressed by the loss of Jose Fernandez, and I wouldn’t be depressed by the loss of Clayton Kershaw. I’m not sad that Johan Santana fell off his Hall of Fame horse, or that Carlos Zambrano managed to stay healthy, but went bad.

If every pitcher got hurt or went bad within five years or so of their peak, I would be sad. If young pitchers constantly got hurt before they got the chance to make real money playing baseball, I would be sad. As it is, though, I’m coming to a very comfortable place with pitcher injuries. They are unfortunate. They are also inevitable, necessary and interesting. Without them, believe it or not, baseball would be worse.

It seems to me that the efficient violence, the sheer, shredding velocity of modern pitchers make injuries completely inevitable. Not every pitcher will get hurt, at least not catastrophically, but many of them will. Baseball has embraced the intensity of shorter outings, lightening workloads and training their hurlers to empty the tank in 110 pitches or less. That’s made every pitcher who takes the mound better, but it’s also made them more vulnerable.

That’s not the way I would probably do it. I would counsel more throwing between starts and relief appearances, more long-toss, more flat-ground, more pitching in games, even, but all at lower intensity. I would push pitchers to pace themselves, and never to maximize their effort. My pitchers would get hit much harder but hurt less often.

I’m not judging, though. One of the big-picture truths of the industry is that, because the season is so long and the potential for a single player to determine an entire season is so limited, risking attrition here and there in the name of improved performance is totally worth it. Teams have their risk spread around so well that they can afford to pursue this model without feeling the pain of each pitcher who goes down. As a result, their pitchers pitch as well as humanly possible. The injuries that happen are, in part, the cost of doing business.

To me, the fragility of baseball excellence is part of its beauty. It’s a shame when guys get hurt, but if no one got hurt, the game would be less interesting. The stories of Steve Avery, Gary Nolan, Mark Prior, even Chad Fox and Steve Blass, all are painful, but they’re fascinating, too. They lend color to the game. They create opportunities for heroism, for admirable perseverance in the face of adversity.

There aren’t that many things that make baseball important, that you can carry into real life when the game ends. Pitcher injuries, and the grace and determination with which the victims face them, allow us to see humanity in a game that the world increasingly treats like an exercise in robotics.

Kris Medlen choked up repeatedly during the first interview he did after he found out he would need a second Tommy John surgery. I welled up, too. I wouldn’t want to follow baseball in a world where that moment of shared agony was impossible, though. Baseball should be difficult, and for as long as the league chooses firepower over risk-management, pitchers should get hurt. I’m not sure why so much energy is spent bemoaning a perfectly natural part of the game.

One-Hop Rockets: Nick Markakis’s Approach, Dee Gordon’s Speed, Starlin Castro’s Lower Half

As is my wont, I’m giving Friday over to some rapid-fire observations and notes, from all over the place:

  • Every batter’s optimal plate approach is different. Some guys should swing much more often, especially in certain counts, than others. That’s not news, but it’s surprising how often players get a public rap on the knuckles for their approach, when the reality is that most guys probably know their bodies, their swings and their eyes better than even the most learned observers.Nick Markakis sure seemed to need an adjustment over the past few years, though. He was a fine player, usable, but beginning to fall from the ranks of the truly useful corner outfielders. A failure to develop power was partially to blame, but Markakis also wasn’t walking or hitting for average to the fullest of his abilities. In 2014, though, he’s changing that, simply by swinging more.Markakis makes a lot of contact. That’s been his strongest tool even during his darkest days. This season, he’s tapping into that skill better, by taking a nuanced step in the direction of being more aggressive.

    From 2011-13, Markakis struck out in 10.7 percent of his plate appearances, walked 8.4 percent of the time, swung at 42.1 percent of all pitches (including 18.9 percent of the first pitches within at-bats) and made contact on 88 percent of his swings. That was fine, but by 2013, it was no longer working for him: He batted .271/.329/.356, the command of the strike zone not nearly making up for the fading power.

    So Markakis doubled down on his greatest strength. In 2014, he’s swung more often (43.4 percent), but less (16.9 percent) on first pitches. By letting pitchers get themselves in trouble early in counts but staying out of two-strike situations, he’s brought his strikeout rate even lower (9.9 percent) and ratcheted his walk rate up to 9.2 percent.

    The power is still gone, although he’s been hitting in more and more advantageous hitter’s counts, and that almost universally boosts power in the long run. Even without it, though, Markakis is hitting a neat .301/.361/.398, keeping himself very useful as a table-setter in the power-happy Orioles lineup.

  • Speaking of lead-off hitters, let’s get more traditional. This is a tale of twospeedsters. Both had their offensive chops questioned. Both were given full-time jobs to open the season, with playoff hopefuls, without real safety nets. One is doing an admirable triple-speed high-wire walk. The other has plumb fallen off the wire.I’m speaking, of course, of Dee Gordon and Billy Hamilton. Gordon, the success story, came into 2014 with pushing 700 brutal plate appearances in MLB under his belt. He earned the Dodgers’ second-base job mostly by default.Gordon has swung less (45.7 percent; 50.4 previously) and made contact more (87.7 percent, up from 85.3), leading to a perfectly acceptable 22 strikeouts in 141 plate appearances. He’s only walked six times, which is alarming, but he’s stolen 21 bases in 24 tries, so when he gets on base, he’s making the most of it. His real skill set will come better into view once he stops hitting .400 on balls in play, but with his speed (18 of his 45 hits have not left the infield, including one double), his BABIP might not come down all that much. On pace for 94.5 stolen bases, he’s as exciting as any player in baseball, just now.

    Billy Hamilton has had no such luck. Maybe fast, light-hitting guys like this just need longer adjustment periods, but Hamilton’s early returns are ugly. He’s losing his grip on the everyday job, batting .242 with a .277 on-base percentage so far. A week or so into the season, I asked the hosts of Effectively Wild how long Hamilton could stay in the lineup with a .280 OBP. Their estimate, and mine, was much higher than 104 plate appearances. None of us, though, was counting on Hamilton having been caught five time in 16 attempted steals. Hamilton is in danger of becoming a full-time pinch-runner, and with 19 strikeouts against four walks in those 104 PA, he’s not making a strong case for having simply been unlucky.

  • Starlin Castro belted a home run last night, his fifth of the season. Castro is among baseball’s most frustrating hitters, and I’ll have to give him a longer treatment on a different occasion. For now, I just want to point out one positive thing: Castro is starting to get his lower half under control.I don’t know if any non-pitcher I’ve ever seen has had a stride pattern and general lower-half mechanic as disjointed and inconsistent as Castro’s. At various times within even this season, he has been guilty of letting his front hip leak out far too soon; lunging with his body across the plate and his legs in no position to create leverage; and simply overstriding. He’s a mess more often than he isn’t, from the waist down.On the homer last night, though, and on several pitches I’ve seen this season, it was clear that Castro is starting to fix that problem. He’s gotten slightly more upright in his setup this year, is striding less, gets his foot down while his hips are still back and stays in a straight line. Those swings are still too rare, but they’re damn promising. He needs to keep working on the syncing of his whole body, but the small strides he’s made are already allowing him to tap his physical gifts better.


MLB Power Rankings, May 8: A Word Per Game Played

By now, you know the drill. These are my weekly power rankings, my best estimate of the relative strength of all 30 teams (NOT their playoff chances, mind you, but their actual, bedrock quality). The catch is that each team gets treated in precisely the number of words equal to their games played to date.

Each week, we know a little bit more about every team in the league, perhaps a sentence more, perhaps less than that. By September, I’ll be writing two paragraphs about each club, but for now, it’s still just a few sentences.

Russell Carleton did his usual, phenomenal work at Baseball Prospectus on Tuesday, finding that team-level early performances begin to have a real effect on final record at around 40 games. The season is not a substantial enough sample to change our real understanding of who they are, with externalities stripped away, until about 70 games. Therefore, my rankings won’t change as much as some others might at around this time of year. In a month, if I’m still being proven wrong by some team, I’ll be more proactive about changes.

That said, there are some changes every week, or have been thus far, and this week is no exception. Here we go.

30. Houston Astros (10-24): Their .288 OBP is the worst in the AL, and their 5.00 ERA is the worst in baseball. I’d like to strap Jeff Luhnow to a polygraph and see whether he’d want a mulligan.

29. Chicago Cubs (11-21): I have a theory that some unidentified aspect of the Cubs’ setting or schedule prevents them from having successful bullpens or high team OBPs, but it’s more likely that they just suck.

28. Minnesota Twins (15-17): Twenty of first 32 have been day games, a scheduling nod to the frigidity of what Minnesota calls spring. 4-8 in night games. That’ll be the majority of their games again soon.

27. Chicago White Sox (18-17): The White Sox have struck out more than any other team in baseball. Their pitching staff is a mess, one of their off-season rotation gambles having fallen flat, and Chris Sale hurt. Jose Abreu, though!

26. Philadelphia Phillies (15-17): There’s something admirable about their core (Carlos Ruiz, Ryan Howard, Chase Utley, Jimmy Rollins and Cole Hamels, especially) staying together for most of a decade. Admirable, but not advantageous. They still stink.

25. San Diego Padres (15-20): They’re much lower this week. I’m off the bandwagon. These are a bunch of intriguing players who just aren’t going to turn into anything. You also have to wonder why they can’t keep anyone healthy.

24. New York Mets (16-17): They have 22 quality starts already. If their bullpen gets the boost I envision once their top pitching prospects come up, their run prevention will be stellar. Now they just need an offense.

23. Arizona Diamondbacks (13-24): Starting to come out of it, as illustrated by winning two of three over the league-leading Brewers. They have a balanced, versatile team. They just jettisoned too much talent in order to get that balance and versatility.

22. Colorado Rockies (22-14): This isn’t a total mirage. They have been building this stable of position players for years, and it’s always been a group with upside. But the 1.001 OPS at home and .726 away sound regression alarms.

21. Miami Marlins (19-15): Like the Rockies, only better, because their pitching staff is stronger. It’s not crazy to think they can win more than they lose. That said, they’re not going to surpass Atlanta or Washington anytime soon.

20. Cincinnati Reds (15-18): An offense that relies on just a few players is risky. If one (Brandon Phillips) begins to age badly, and another (Jay Bruce) gets hurt, you’re in trouble. Rotation won’t save them again.

19. Pittsburgh Pirates (14-20): Jordy Mercer’s age-26 rookie breakout didn’t stick? Francisco Liriano isn’t Death to Lefties? Charlie Morton wasn’t worth an early extension? I’m shocked—SHOCKED. (Subpar offense from right field is a self-inflicted wound.)

18. Seattle Mariners (17-16): Really like their set of young and prime-age players. They’re just one good pitcher and one well-balanced outfielder from a big step up. Having Nick Franklin as trade bait should help.

17. Kansas City Royals (16-17): I’m tired of waiting on the positional core to come together—and I have no stake in it. There’s no shortage of talent, but it doesn’t feel like things are about to click.

16. Baltimore Orioles (17-14): Despite a league-low 10 Quality Starts, they’re keeping their heads above water in terms of run prevention. Still a team that will have to hope to outslug you. That’s precarious.

15. Toronto Blue Jays (17-17): Jose Reyes will be better. Encarnacion and Bautista will stay good. The Jays just need to plug their gaping, glaring holes, at second base and at the back of the rotation.

14. New York Yankees (18-15): I don’t foresee the starting pitching holding up, especially once the league gets a book on Masahiro Tanaka. The offense has been about as good as could be hoped, a back-handed compliment.

13. Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (16-17): It’s all going to be a question of what their pitching staff can manage. Exaggerated version of the Orioles, right down to early injury issues with key players. Farm system limits upgrade potential.

12. San Francisco Giants (21-13): They strike out and hit home runs, which is very unlike their last few iterations. Same old reliance on veterans, though, and they’re delivering beautifully. Pablo Sandoval is the last tumbler out of place.

11. Cleveland Indians (15-19): Exceptional pitching depth has helped them weather the departures of Ubaldo Jimenez and Scott Kazmir. They just haven’t hit. I still believe they will. Lacking a certified superstar, though, they all have to hit. 

10. Milwaukee Brewers (22-13): Heavy investment in starting rotation has paid off. They’ve gotten Quality Starts in 27 of their first 35 games. Offense has quietly been bad. They need Ryan Braun back, but also to get more disciplined.

9. Texas Rangers (17-17): Run differential indicates a 13-21 team. With so many early injury problems, you’d expect that. Being .500 despite that is an achievement. Now, they just need to hit on all cylinders, with everyone healthy.

8. Boston Red Sox (17-17): Some cracks in the offense have shown up (Daniel Nava), leading to a 9-13 record against right-handed starters. With so many options bubbling up for them, though, there’s no weakness they can’t overcome.

7. Detroit Tigers (20-9): They’re 7-2 in one-run games. They’ve played a weak schedule. It’s not their record that puts them here. It’s Miguel Cabrera taking off and the bullpen shaping up.

6. Tampa Bay Rays (15-19): All those pitching injuries can’t help but dampen one’s enthusiasm. It’s also worrying when the bullpen wavers: Is the magic gone? Still, they have a strong, deep lineup and they field well. Good team.

5. Washington Nationals (19-15): They never seem to have everyone healthy at once, but even 90 percent of this team is good. Nationals pitchers have the highest strikeout rate and third-highest strikeout-to-walk ratio in MLB.

4. Atlanta Braves (18-15): Their 2.77 ERA would be the lowest since 1972, or 1968 for NL teams. (I’m not counting the 1981 Astros.) The offense runs hot and cold, but the parade of arms won’t stop.

3. St. Louis Cardinals (18-17): Plagued by the best possible problem: they’re so stuffed with talent that using everybody becomes difficult. It’ll take some work, but this much talent can’t lose. A trade to consolidate roster spots is in order.

2. Los Angeles Dodgers (19-16): Clayton Kershaw’s return is huge for them. The pitching staff is dominant, and needs to be, because the offense still amounts to less than the sum of its parts. The hitters seem unable to gel.

1. Oakland Athletics (20-15): Nine different A’s batters have walk rates of at least 10 percent this season, each in 70 or more plate appearances, most in baseball. They also have the best park-adjusted defensive efficiency in baseball.

Only five teams are at least five games over .500. Only five teams are at least five below .500. Nothing is settled yet. We’re starting to see the shape of teams’ successes and failures, but it’s all in silhouette. Keep an open mind.

Edwin Jackson on a Good Night

The life of a two-pitch starting pitcher is a difficult one. If either of your go-to offerings isn’t working on a given night, you’re in deep trouble, trying to pitch around a fundamental weakness and an ephemeral one at the same time. Two-pitch starters (and please note that I’m using that term liberally, as nearly all starting pitchers have at least three pitches they throw on occasion) also tend to be more vulnerable than their more balanced brethren on even their best days, be it to home runs, command problems or platooning.

Edwin Jackson is a two-pitch starter, with a fastball that can reach the mid-90s and a slider with tremendous depth and bite. He had a miserable 2013 season, largely because too often, he was unable to bring both pitches to bear in his outings.

Jackson’s troubles are usually mechanical. He often struggles to consistently drive over his front leg and finish his arm stroke, which leads to both dampened stuff and an inability to locate.

Location is crucial for him, too. What Jackson does do very well, mechanically, is disguise his slider by using the same arm speed and slot he uses for the fastball. For that to matter, though, Jackson has to establish his fastball in the area of the zone to which his sliders seem to go when they leave his hand: low and away to right-handed batters.

Watch this:

Jackson was in rare and excellent form on Tuesday night. He was hitting that corner with his fastball, making both that pitch and the slider nearly impossible to handle. You can see the deception he gets from the delivery.  You can see how batters end up on top of the ball, if they make contact at all.

There are too few nights like that one. For Jackson, though, the sky is the limit when he has his release point.

Whither the Freed Men: Stephen Drew, Kendrys Morales and the Midsummer Free-Agent Period

I hate the qualifying offer, because it dampens the market for perfectly good players, and forces teams to choose between the near and long term, instead of trying to improve both at the same time. I hate it because it’s a welfare system for teams that do not need it, and because it makes the trade deadline less exciting, and because it’s needlessly complicated, another layer of fiscal sludge for fans to worry about instead of simply asking: Is Player X any good? What does he do well? Can he help our team?

Most of all, though, I hate the qualifying offer because it’s currently keeping good players off the field. Stephen Drew and Kendrys Morales, the last of the holdouts too proud to cave and sign for half their market value, as Nelson Cruz and Ervin Santana did, now seem likely to be forced to wait until after the Draft, in the second week of June, in order to sign with anyone.

There. I’ve said my piece about the stupidity of the institution. Now, for a more fun question: Where are these two going to land?

For Morales, the answer seems clear to me. It’s Milwaukee. There could be interest from Baltimore, under the right conditions, or from the Angels, or the Rays, and you never know about injuries, but the Brewers are the obvious choice.

With the best record in baseball and a Mark Reynolds-Lyle Overbay platoon at first base, the Brewers have a clear need, and plenty to gain from the addition of Morales. They’re still a bit more right-handed offensively than one would like, which Morales would help address, and he fits right into their offensive philosophy: He has some power, makes contact consistently and should maintain a high-ish BABIP, but he’s no Joe Mauer when it comes to plate discipline.

The Brewers’ fan base always turns out in droves when the team is good, and the early returns at the gate have been very good. That might allow them to stretch the wallet that little bit further open, making the move not only advisable, but feasible.

Drew is tougher to place. He has a larger number of potential suitors, and things that happen between now and when he signs could well dictate which one needs him most. Here’s a rundown of the candidates:

  • Boston Red Sox: It’s a long shot, after months of the Sox being unwilling to cast Drew a life-preserver, that he would want to come back to the club. If Will Middlebrooks is persistently plagued by approach issues or injuries, though, it may be necessary for GM Ben Cherington to press for a reconciliation.
  • Cincinnati Reds: Zack Cozart is batting .194/.239/.291. It’s only 110 plate appearances, and Cozart is a solid defensive shortstop, but he’s no Brendan Ryan afield—only at bat. Drew could help paper over the loss of Jay Bruce.
  • Detroit Tigers: Andrew Romine, shockingly, has not yet taken the job firmly in hand. It’s clear, through the relative inaction of the team in response to Jose Iglesias’s injury, that they’re leaving the path open for Drew. That doesn’t mean they’ll mount the best offer at the crucial moment, though.
  • Miami Marlins: Laugh if you must, but the Marlins have historically gotten aggressive once it became clear they were in a good position to do so. They’re not yet in that territory, but if they’re still above .500 in five weeks, filling in Drew in their thin middle infield could start to look attractive. It can’t hurt that fellow defending World Series champion Jarrod Saltalamacchia landed there over the winter.
  • New York Mets: Like the Marlins, the Mets need to stay competitive for another month before getting serious about a substantial expenditure. It’s not impossible, though, and shortstop in Queens is an even more glaring weakness than either middle-infield spot in Miami.
  • New York Yankees: This will get talked about, especially if the Yankees remain in first place by June, but it’s almost impossibly awkward, at least in my head. Drew would man second or third base, but whenever Derek Jeter stumbled, there would be awful beat-writer speculation and columnist diatribes about whether or not Drew ought to take over at shortstop. Plus, who wants to be the guy everyone knows is going to take over when the Farewell Tour is over?
  • Toronto Blue Jays: No team in baseball could use him more. Ryan Goins has conclusively proved himself unable to hit in MLB, but they don’t have a serious alternative. Second base isn’t likely to be Drew’s preferred destination, but if the Jays are in the right position, they might dump enough money on him to make him reconsider.

Ultimately, I see him landing in Detroit. This will be the more entertaining run of news stories, though, with mystery teams and uncertain configurations in play. It also matters (more than it usually does) what Drew is really looking for. He’d be a short-term fix in Detroit or Boston, with the opportunity to build value and become a true free agent at season’s end. If he’s lost his appetite for that experience, though, he can make a permanent home with Toronto, Cincinnati or the Mets.

The presence of these two wild cards should ensure that the trade deadline will be as dead as ever, and the actual trade activity is likely to start later than usual, on into July instead of in late June. As long as the market doesn’t freeze up all around them, though, the way it did around Masahiro Tanaka in January, it should add an entertaining dynamic to the playoff chase as summer hits its stride.

A Cubs Prospect to Watch: Jacob Hannemann’s Early Returns


This is Chicago Cubs outfield prospect Jacob Hannemann. He’s off to a strong, if somewhat short of dazzling, start for the Kane County Cougars of the Midwest League.

Hannemann was the Cubs’ third-round choice in the 2013 Draft. He’s an athletic, toolsy kid, as illustrated by his 10 early stolen bases (in 11 tries). He also has some work to do in terms of actual, professional hitting ability, as illustrated by his 32 strikeouts in 107 at-bats.

I actually posted this, though, for two reasons. One is the pair of diamonds representing Hannemann’s two home runs thus far. I wanted to see whether anyone could confirm or dismiss the apparent monstrousness of those shots.

The other is the fact that this chart exists at all. I wanted to point that out, and celebrate it, but also to raise an eyebrow at it. The chart comes from, an excellent resource for a wealth of minor-league information. It’s one example of a prospect world that’s fast becoming saturated with information. It’s possible to track players in greater detail than ever before, through smartphone apps, and advanced stat-tracking like this. We’re also in the Golden Age of easily-accessed scouting reports on hundreds of players. Baseball Prospectus posts a new set of first-hand prospect reports and opinions almost daily.

I wonder how good that will all turn out to be, in the long run. I’m not sure whether it sharpens the focus dedicated fans can apply to minor-league analysis and follow-up, or whether it only worsens the distortion of the lens through which those fans view a world they fundamentally fail to understand.

I’ll tell you one thing, though:  The next five or 10 years are going to teach us a lot about the basic nature of baseball. With so much prospect intelligence flooding public forums, prospect evaluation will either be perfected, or will prove to be an essentially unknowable mystery. If there’s a way to make prospects into reliable commodities at all, it’ll happen in the next few years.

Why Mike Olt is So Awful

Mike Olt had a strong Spring Training for the Chicago Cubs. The team wanted him to win the starting third-base job, and with some long home runs and impressive at-bats, he did it.

Ever since the team headed North to open the regular season, though, Olt has gone about the task of giving the gig back to Luis Valbuena. Olt is hitting .156/.214/.359, with strikeouts in over a third of his plate appearances.

Where do his problems lie? Right here:


Some swing and miss has always been a part of the scouting report on Olt, but the feeling was that his combination of power and plate discipline would allow him to thrive, anyway. That’s not happening thus far. Olt is swinging only slightly more than the league average at pitches outside the zone, but when he does chase, he’s only making contact with 39.5 percent of his swings. That’s worse than any qualified hitter this side of Chris Carter, and even Carter had a (league-worst) contact rate over 45 percent on pitches out of the zone in 2013.

There are two ways to spin that. One is that such a preposterously low number is sure to correct itself, that Olt must still be fighting vision issues or extreme rust. The best support for that hypothesis is that Olt has made something like an average amount of contact within the strike zone, which Carter and his ilk don’t even approach.

The other, more sinister possibility is that Olt has a real, untenable lack of ability to read and adjust to breaking balls. Unfortunately, that theory has stronger objective support. Olt’s 70 plate appearances are enough to begin to expect that his chase and whiff rates reflect a real and obdurate aspect of his approach. It’s also unnerving to see how frequently he chases those bad pitches low and away. His reputation for patience says that if he was recognizing those at all, he’d be laying off.

Olt turns 26 in August. Players rarely make significant developmental strides after that milestone. There’s no reason for the Cubs to pull the plug now–Olt offers substantial potential reward as a counterbalance to the risk of continued implosion. Besides, with all three of the team’s Triple-A infield prospects off to bad starts, no one’s really knocking down the door in pursuit of his job. It won’t surprise me, though, if Olt’s promise goes unfulfilled, and he ends up a platoon or bench player for the long haul, his tenure as a starting third baseman over by August.

The Degenerate Diamondbacks Rotation

The Arizona Diamondbacks’ season has been a trainwreck on fire, basically from the very start. If one aspect of the team has been measurably, remarkably, exceptionally awful, though, it’s been the starting pitching. And specifically, it’s been the starting pitching, from the 10th opposing batter onward. Check this out:

Arizona starters are, shockingly, better than the adjusted league average the first time they pass through the opposing lineup. It’s only once the batting order turns over once that opponents start teeing off like they’re all Matt Holliday.

That isn’t true across the board, of course. Of the seven men who have started for Arizona this season, Brandon McCarthy and Mike Bolsinger are the only ones who have dominated early in their starts and taken it on the chin later. Bronson Arroyo and Josh Collmenter have actually done their best work during their second trips through the lineup, and Wade Miley has had flat performances the first two trips past, before collapsing late in his outings. Randall Delgado and Trevor Cahill have been moved to the bullpen, each having been beaten to a pulp as starters, but their velocity and stuff have ratcheted up since their moves, and each seems to have dominant potential in short relief.

Unfortunately, there’s no easy explanation or remedy for the issue, at a macro level. Bolsinger and Collmenter rely so heavily on deception and command, given their tepid stuff, that they’ll probably never be viable traditional starters. McCarthy, Arroyo and Cahill have no history of an unusual times-through-the-order split. None has made a drastic change to their arsenal. Unless there’s an unseen issue of conditioning or pre-start preparation–which you’d figure would have been discovered and fixed by now–this is a mystery.

With the season now a total loss, but with many of their core pieces under team control beyond 2014, I wonder if Arizona will experiment at all, maybe going so far as to test out a tandem-starter solution for a while. It’s possible that Collmenter and Bolsinger could benefit from being seen less, and that McCarthy and Miley might not have the endurance to go deep into games on their own. Certainly, since Cahill and Delgado seem simply to need the shorter bursts to have their stuff play up, pairing them is a tempting thought. That doesn’t mean it would work; it just feels like it’s worth a shot, for the worst team in baseball.

Choose Your Own Adventure: The Baseball Apocalypse

“I hope you’re happy, everyone. You’ve used up all the baseball. Like Social Security and gasoline, baseball will be dried up and gone before you retire, before your kids graduate high school.”

Keith Olbermann glowers at you from the television in your darkened living room, his words falling like hard-driven hammers. Your Mountain Dew can falls from your right hand as the news sinks in; your left hand pauses on its well-worn path to your pants. Everything stops for a moment. In fact, the room swims just a little, and as it comes back into focus, you make several realizations at once.

Your 23-inch Broksonic TV set has been replaced by a plasma screen several times that size. At first, it looks wall-mounted, but no: Alex Rodriguez and Barry Bonds, clearly chained in place on the other side of the wall, are holding it at either end.

The Mountain Dew can is a shattered goblet, and Fay Vincent’s blood stains the deep plush of carpet. Startled, you stand up quickly, jerking your hand out of your crotch. That draws a furious hiss from your pet boa constrictor, who’s sent flying. Wait. You don’t have a pet snake. Slowly, it dawns on you: Through some synchronous loop created by shared reactions, you’ve switched bodies with Bud Selig.

Oh no! You’re not cut out to be Bud Selig. You have no taste for torture, no stomach for sadism, no penchant for new playoff rounds.

But wait! If you’re Selig now, you have the power to decide how the precious remaining baseball will be rationed, how it can be made to last longer, or to bring us all greater joy. It may not be what Selig would do, but you have a chance to aim higher than Selig.

A report on Selig’s nightstand (would you believe, Montreal Expos bed sheets) tells you we have just 200,000 outs or so left before baseball runs out.

Under normal Major League rules, that’s about 33,000 innings, or slightly fewer than 4,000 games, or a season and a half.


There are ways you could modify the game. You could make systemic changes that draw out the story arcs and game situations you think offer the most bang for the buck of those who invest their time, emotion and intellect in baseball, and that prolong the final phase of the life of the erstwhile national pastime. Here are some options:

  • Six-Inning Games: It wouldn’t change all that much, really. Every game would just start, effectively, in the fourth inning. The intensity of each contest would ratchet up, and since each one would be shorter, there would be more games before the well dried up. The integrity of the sport of the long season would stand intact, but the rhythm of games would change drastically.
  • 100-Game Seasons: This keeps the nine-inning game intact, but the age-old structure of the baseball season gets a streamline treatment. You’d also need to decide whether to spread the games over a full six months, or condense it to a little over half that.
  • Two-Out Innings: Imagine the fragility of any offensive rally. Still, this would shorten games, save precious outs (the same number as six-inning games would save) and apply catalytic pressure to the stagnant discipline of offensive innovation in the game.
  • A 12-Inch Home Plate: Baseball will run out after 100.000 or so more outs, right? So we make outs much harder to get. Not only should the plate be smaller, but the fences could come in, or the ball could get both bigger and lighter. This is the desperate, denial approach. Did you ever read The Monster at the End of This Book? This is a lot like Grover’s strategy in that book.
  • Sunday Baseball Forever: Baseball is running out, you say? Well, let’s make it count, then. Destination games. Nationally-televised tripleheaders. Play once a week, like the NFL. Teams play just 26 games each year. Spread games out, so that each is an event, preceded not only by tailgating and on-site ESPN desk shows, but by days of careful game-planning by each side. Baseball could take on the air of more rigorous planning and choreography that football already exudes.

It’s a shame that the world has come to this. But something must be done. You get up from Selig’s bed (your robe falling open slightly; yikes. Right after you save baseball, or at least make it as comfortable as possible in its dying days, you really have to get your body back), and pick up the phone on the nightstand.

“What do we do?!?!?” hollers Joe Torre from the other end of the line, clearly at the end of his wits.

How do you answer him?

MLB Power Rankings: A Word Per Game Played

April is finally over, and we’ve come to what, to me, is often the toughest time to be a baseball fan. The weather hasn’t yet turned. Your schedule isn’t yet relaxed for the summer. The newness of the season has worn off, but the year is young enough that the games still feel weightless, throwaway.

It’s also the hardest time to be an analyst. Teams that are taking you by surprise aren’t yet doing anything reliable, anything to report, per se, but their results are starting to accumulate to the point where they matter, real or not. It’s exceptionally hard not to let your eyes glaze over when the standings seem stuffed with teams who have won between 11 and 17, and lost between 11 and 17, but it actually matters where they all are on that spectrum. A sixth of the season is gone, and the Yankees lead the Rays by four and a half games.

That all informs what you’ll read below. During the first two iterations of this weekly rankings update, I gave you miniature mission statements. Here, I want to get a little more transparent about my methodology, as these bones begin to cover themselves in meat.

First of all, you will see changes in my rankings, nearly every week. In a perfect world, that wouldn’t be so. If I had a comprehensive system for rating and ranking teams, the way Dan Szymborski and the geniuses behind PECOTA do, I would make almost no changes, because I would be better able to assert conviction in my estimates of team quality. I don’t, so while I do my best to pay attention to all the teams, all the time, each week’s rankings will reflect some new information, my effort to accommodate whatever I’ve learned about the landscape over the previous week.

You won’t see large changes, though, precisely because I’m sensitive to the specter of overreacting to small samples. Even after a month, as this exercise illustrates, we know about three sentences’ worth of real news about each team. The only drastic week-to-week moves will happen when injuries strike, and even then, it’s often easy to overstate the real damage any individual injury does to a team.

Okay, without further ado, the latest Power Rankings, with one full month in the books:

30. Houston Astros (9-19): The last three Astros teams, en route to league-worst records, finished April with run differentials of -37, +4 and -45. This year’s squad stands at -54.

29. Minnesota Twins (12-12): Programmed pitch-taking permits them to pull positive performances out of poor players. If only opponents felt obligated to be so passive in return.

28. Chicago Cubs (9-17): I have the persistent sense that this group of players could play much better, but they keep not doing it. Maybe the upside just isn’t there.

27. Chicago White Sox (14-15): Tyler Flowers has a .560 BABIP this season. That is, in microcosm, how the Sox have ended up scoring the fourth-most runs in baseball thus far. Utterly unsustainable.

26. Philadelphia Phillies (13-13): Phillies aged 33 or older have been worth 5.5 WAR so far. Phillies 32 or younger have given back 3.0 WAR. This organization’s future isn’t bright.

25. Colorado Rockies (16-13): A .363 team BABIP at home. A .984 team OPS there. Troy Tulowitzki is going nuts, but what happens once he gets hurt and Charlie Blackmon returns to Earth?

24. Arizona Diamondbacks (9-22): In a just universe, maybe Arizona would win more than its share of close games to make up for their awful start. In this one, they’re 4-4 over their last eight.

23. New York Mets (15-11): Narratives drive perceptions. The Mets are still seen as star-crossed and cash-starved, so no one’s taking them seriously. That’s probably okay, for now anyway.

22. Miami Marlins (13-14): Fernandez grabs the biggest headlines, but Stanton, Yelich and Ozuna could be the best offensive outfield in the league right now. A ton of fun to watch.

21. San Diego Padres (13-16): The Mariners ceded defense to get out of MLB’s offensive cellar. The Padres are standing on principle, willing to score two runs a game forever. It’s not going well.

20. Seattle Mariners (11-14): If ever a team were less than the sum of its parts, it’d be this one. Too many similar, even redundant, players to utilize well.

19. Pittsburgh Pirates (10-16): The defense is still very good, but the magic is gone from their pitching staff. Per Baseball Prospectus, that staff is the very worst in baseball.

18. Baltimore Orioles (12-12): I’m impressed at how well they’ve weathered the early season, staying afloat. They have a chance to get much better as they get healthy.

17. Cincinnati Reds (12-15): With hindsight, you can see the luck that helped them pop up with such strong seasons recently. There are holes here, and a dwindling number of strengths.

16. Toronto Blue Jays (12-15): I don’t see a lost season, but they would need to commit to it in order to seriously compete. Second base and back of rotation are problems.

15. Kansas City Royals (14-12): This team reminds me of the 2012 Giants. Strong, veteran starting pitching, tons of contact on offense, sound defense. They, too, have to improve at margins.

14. New York Yankees (15-11): Some of their weaknesses really haven’t flared up yet, but with Michael Pineda in danger of joining Ivan Nova on the shelf, they might be now.

13. Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (14-13): I liked their offseason starting pitching pickups, and sure enough, that unit is holding up its end of things. Inability to upgrade in trade could be problematic.

12. San Francisco Giants (17-11): I don’t see the starting rotation holding together or performing as well as they have early. Even so, their balanced positional core makes them interesting. 10-5 at home.

11. Cleveland Indians (11-17): I’m among the poor, deluded souls who still believe fully in both Danny Salazar and Trevor Bauer. I also think the offense will come out of its funk.

10. Milwaukee Brewers (20-8): At last check, their collective OPS against relievers was 85 percent of the league average. A heavily right-leaning, hyper-aggressive lineup can be exploited late in games.

9. Texas Rangers (15-13): A better version of Baltimore, they’re lethal if still in the hunt come midsummer. It may all be a chase for a Wild Card Game berth now, though.

8. Detroit Tigers (14-9): Miguel Cabrera’s last two months are his worst two in seven years. Playing such an interrupted schedule hasn’t helped him find a rhythm.

7. Boston Red Sox (13-14): Organizational depth is awesome, but most easily leveraged when guys get hurt. They may need to get creative in order to get the most out of theirs.

6. Tampa Bay Rays (11-16): It’s easier to forgive their lack of spectacular offense when the pitching staff stays healthy. They need to demonstrate an ability to work around the rotation holes.

5. Washington Nationals (16-12): Bryce Harper’s injury hurts, but this team has solid outfield options in the minors, plus Nate McLouth. Meanwhile, Doug Fister is set to complete their rotation next week.

4. Atlanta Braves (17-9): I do think Harang’s strong starts were mirages, but the steady stream of arms the Braves always seem to have inspires confidence. Strong, well-balanced team.

3. Los Angeles Dodgers (15-12): If Clayton Kershaw comes back cleanly from injury, they might be number one soon. Dee Gordon’s start plugs what looked like a big hole. Few holes remain.

2. St. Louis Cardinals (15-14): We knew their tons-of-singles offense couldn’t remain elite without doing something better. I’m somewhat surprised at just how much they’ve come back to Earth, though. We’ll see.

1. Oakland Athletics (18-10): Somehow, learning that A.J. Griffin is out for the year wasn’t even enough to keep them from moving up. This team has everything. They’re truly 25 men strong.

You know what? Just writing that rekindled my spirit. I’m ready for May.


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